Over the next thirty years, most of the world’s population growth will occur in cities and towns of poor countries. Even while population growth rates in Asia, for instance, are falling dramatically, the region will see an absolute increase of nearly a billion people over the next three decades – growth concentrated mostly in urban areas. In Africa, the urbanization process also is occurring apace. Rapid, unplanned and unsustainable patterns of urban development are making developing cities focal points for many emerging environment and health hazards. As urban populations grow, the quality of the urban environment will play an increasingly important role in public health with respect to issues ranging from solid waste disposal, provision of safe water and sanitation, and injury prevention, to the interface between urban poverty, environment and health. Unsustainable patterns of transport and urban land use are a driver, or root cause, of a number of significant and interrelated environment and health hazards faced by urban dwellers in developing countries.
City managers play a critical role in ensuring that urban areas are able to function sustainably. Since resources are finite, addressing environmental issues insufficiently has severe consequences: health hazards, loss of biodiversity, and ultimately, a lower quality of life. The poorest cities and the weakest strata of the urban population are likely to suffer the most from those impacts. While the government of Haryana is committed to ensure all around development of the State, the department of Environment is taking necessary steps for protecting and preserving our environment. Conscious and focused efforts have been made to create awareness among the citizens regarding the urgency and importance of preserving our environment.
The Department of Environment is vigorously implementing various enactments and acts to tackle, environmental pollution problems like the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981. Besides, enforcement and implementation of these Acts, various laws regulating pollution caused by Bio-medical waste, hazardous waste, solid waste, use of plastic etc. are also being effectively implemented in the State of Haryana. The Haryana State Pollution Control Board is the implementing agency and department of environment exercises administrative control over its functioning.
Inspite of these efforts, areas of Haryana surrounding Delhi NCR are most polluted. During smog of November 2017, Air quality index of Gurugram and Faridabad showed that the density of Fine particulates (2.5 PM diameter) was an average of 400 PM and monthly average of Haryana was 60 PM. Other sources of pollution are exhaust gases from old vehicles, stone crushers and brick kiln. Haryana has 75 lakh (7,500,000) old vehicles, of which 40% are old more polluting vehicles, besides 500,000 new vehicles are added every year. Other majorly polluted cities are Bhiwani, Bahadurgarh, Dharuhera, Hisar and Yamunanagar. Sahibi River tributary of Yamuna, specially its canalised portion in Delhi called Najafgarh drain, remain highly polluted with industrial chemicals, human waste and agriculture runoff. Rejuvenation of Johads of Haryana, rivers and lakes of Haryana remains a big environmental issue.
Under the given circumstances it is important that HARYANA ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION FOUNDATION (HEPF), should come into existence and contribute to serve the Paryavaran for the good of one and all.